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Lithuania, interesting facts and figures...
Lithuania is a small republic bordering the Baltic Sea and it covers 65,200 sq. km. It is often thought of as being an eastern European country but Lithuania is actually recognised as the geographical centre of Europe (18 km from Vilnius, the capital). To the north it borders onto Latvia, to the east and south it borders onto Belorussia and to the south-west Lithuania shares borders with Poland and the district of Kaliningrad. The Lithuanian name for the country is 'LIETUVA'. The state emblem of Lithuania is the Vytis (the White Knight). The heraldic shield features a red field with an armoured knight on a white (silver) horse holding a silver sword in his right hand above his head. The charging knight is known to have been first used as the state emblem in 1366. It is featured on the seal of the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Algirdas, which dates to that year.
Lithuania as a collection of allied peoples was mentioned for the first time in A.D. 1009 in the Qedlinburg annals. The unified state of Lithuania emerged in 1240 under the leadership of Mindaugas the Great, the first and only king of Lithuania from 1236 till 1263. His two major achievements were the introduction of Christianity and his stoical resistance to the Teutonic knights who were spreading eastwards. At the end of the 14th and the beginnning of the 15th century Lithuania became one of the most powerful states in the Eastern Europe, weaving alliances with the Pope and his Christian and pagan allies against the traditional enemy, the Teutonic Order.
Lithuania was never conquered. Lithuanians fougth bravely for their state and religion. They built castles which are admired even today for their defensive construction. In 1410 united armies of Great Dutchty of Lithunia and Poland inflicted a severe defeat to the Teutonic Knights in defence of their liberty. At the same time the Great Dutchty of Lithuania stood in the way of the attacks of the Mongols-Tatars into the West and helped the Eastern European nations to figth against the Golden Horde. In 1569 the Union of Liublin, sealed the Poland-Lithuania Union into a Commonwealth (Rzecspospolita), while later in the XVIIth century Lithuania became one of its three provinces. After partitioning of the Commmonwealth in 1795, Lithuania was incorporated into Russia. For more than one century Lithuania fought against tsarist oppresion. Only on February 16, 1918 Lithuania proclaimed the act of independence and restoration of statehood. Soon afterwards the independent state of Lithuania was recognized by the largest states of the world and Europe. Lithuania established diplomatic relations with many of them. Only 22 years were allowed for the independent state of Lithuania. In 1940 the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania. The occupants subjugated the nation's liberty and existence. The Lithuania nation fought bravely against the occupants for their independence, although they were outnumbered. The desire for independence was not subdued by the fifty-year occupation. Alongside with dissolution of the Soviet Union, the last colonial empire of the world, on March 11, 1990 Lithuania proclaimed its restoration of statehood. Diplomatic relations were renewed with many of the world's countries The old clock of the Cathedral tower strikes the hours counting the time of freedom. Every morning the sounds of this clock are transmitted by radio. A New day begins. One should mention the Lithuanian scientists, architects and restorers, who returned to life a number of historical and architectural monuments, especialy in the Old Town district of Vilnius - the largest in the Eastern Europe. Lithuania has 14 schools of higher learning and among them the oldest University in the East Europe - the Vilnius University, founded in 1579. Lithuania Language is important for those who study origin of languages. It differs from other modern Indo-European languages for its archaism. A large Centre of Baltic philology is established in Vilnius and the Lithuanian language is taught in many countries of the world.
|5 Litai||27||0.750 Silver||9.0||0.217|
|10 Litu||32||0.750 Silver||18||0.434|
Denomination = Face Value of Coin
Diameter = Approximate diameter in millimetres
Weight = Approximate weight in grams
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