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Precious Topaz
5x4mm Oval Precious Topaz

Blue Topaz
4.5mm Round London Blue Topaz

Blue Topaz
8x6mm Oval Sky Blue Topaz

Topaz of the best known gemstones. Even its name sounds like something exotic and fabulous from The Arabian Nights, or poetic like "silken Samarkand". In fact its name is so popular that most of the owners of a citrine claim to own a topaz! The name is believed to have derived from the Greek work topazos, the ancient name for St. John's Island in the Red Sea, or from the Sanskrit tapas meaning fire.

Topaz is well known to be yellow, and in ancient times all yellow stones were called topaz. Nowadays we know better.
Topaz can also be colourless, blue, green, pink, orange or brown.

Precious Topaz
The classical precious topaz is yellow or yellow to orange-brown in colour. Sherry or Madeira (I suppose it goes well with the tapas!) would best describe the most desirable colour.

Blue Topaz - Treated Stones
In the last 10 years or so, jewellers' windows have become filled with blue topaz, which is very attractive and inexpensive, and has to some extent become a substitute for Ceylon sapphire. Blue topaz does occur naturally, but almost all commercially available blue topaz is produced from less attractive colours which are irradiated and heat treated to turn them blue. This treatment produces a stable colour, and normally the stones are not radioactive when they are released on the market, although there have been cases where stones with an unsafe level of radiation have been sold.
There are distinct hues of blue topaz, which we presume arise because of the different treatments. The most usual colours are known as "London Blue", "Swiss Blue" and "Sky Blue", we have listed these in order from the deepest to the palest colours.

Perfect Cleavage
Being male, this conjures up images of the Eva Herzigova poster, but it is one of the notable attributes of topaz. Because of the nature of its crystal structure, topaz has like one plane in which its bonds are relatively weak. If topaz receives a sharp blow in the wrong place or direction, it can fairly easily break cleanly in two. This is similar to the way in which large diamonds are cut, and should not be too great a concern in normal jewellery use, once the stone is mounted. We experienced this first-hand on one occasion. We were showing a customer a number of loose topazes, and she dropped one a short distance onto a glass topped counter, with the result that we instantly had two topazes instead of one. Those of you with less than perfect cleavage can feel happy to know that it is not always a completely desirable feature.

Technical Information
Topaz is composed of Aluminium Fluosilicate, the fluorine (F) and the hydroxyl (OH) can partly replace each other.
Chemical Composition and NameAl2(OH,F)2SiO4 - Aluminium Fluosilicate
Refractive Index (Blue & White)1.61 - 1.62
Refractive Index (Brown & Pink)1.63 - 1.64
Bi-refringence (Blue & White)0.010
Bi-refringence (Brown & Pink)0.008
Other Optical PropertiesBiaxial
Optic SignPositive
Specific Gravity3.50 - 3.60
Crystalline SystemRhombic

GemstoneWeightShapeSize & DescriptionAvailablePrice £ Price $
Precious Topaz0.32Oval5x4Yes£15.00$Ask
London Blue Topaz0.45Round4.5Yes£16.00$Ask
Sky Blue Topaz1.42Oval8x6Yes£21.00$Ask the Lowest Possible Price

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